Linux运行环境安装全解

作者: csbde 分类: Linux 发布时间: 2006-11-23 00:53

一、编译安装Apache2.2.3。

CODE:
shell>tar xvf httpd-2.2.3.tar.gz
shell>cd httpd-2.2.3
shell>./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache \
>--enable-rewrite=shared \
>--enable-speling=shared
shell>make
shell>make install
shell>vi /usr/local/apache /conf/httpd.conf
//进入usr/local/apache/bin
shell>./apachectl -k start
//这时候可以通过http://localhost/. 测试
shell>./apachectl -k stop
二、然后安装MYSQL5.0.22
CODE:
shell> groupadd mysql
shell> useradd -g mysql mysql
shell> tar zxvf mysql-5.0.22.tar.gz
shell> cd mysql-5.0.22
shell> ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql
shell> make
shell> make install
shell> cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
shell> cd /usr/local/mysql
shell> bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql //创建MySQL授权表
shell> chown -R root .
shell> chown -R mysql var
shell> chgrp -R mysql .
shell> bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql & //启动MYSQL服务器
shell>bin/mysqladmin -u root passwor "123456"//修改 mysql 的 root 密码
三、安装GD库(让PHP支持GIF,PNG,JPEG)
a.安装 jpeg6
CODE:
建立目录:
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/bin
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/lib
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/include
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/man
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/man1
# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg6/man/man1 # tar -zvxf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
# cd jpeg-6b
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg6/ --enable-shared --enable-static
# make; make install
b.安装libpng
CODE:
# tar -zvxf libpng-1.2.12.tar.gz
# cd libpng-1.2.12
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng/
# make; make install
c.安装 freetype
CODE:
# tar -zvxf freetype-2.1.1.tar.gz
# cd freetype-2.1.1
# mkdir -p /usr/local/freetype
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype
# make;make install
d.:安装zlib
CODE:
#tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.3.tar.gz
#cd zlib.1.2.3
# ./configure
# make;make install
e.安装GD库
CODE:
# tar -zvxf gd-2.0.33.tar.gz
# mkdir -p /usr/local/gd2
# cd gd-2.0.33
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd2 --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg6/
--with-png=/usr/local/lib/
--with-zlib=/usr/local/lib/
--with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype/
# make; make install
四、安装PHP5(安装libxml2 )
CODE:
# tar -zxf libxml2-2.6.24.tar.gz
# cd libxml2-2.6.24
# mkdir -p /usr/local/libxml2
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2
# make; make install
CODE:
# tar -zvxf php-5.1.4.tar.gz
# cd php-5.1.4
# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/
--with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2
--with-expat-dir=/usr/lib --enable-soap
--with-gd=/usr/local/gd2/
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg6/
--with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/lib/
--with-png=/usr/local/lib/
--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype/
# make
# make install
# cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
其中./configure 后的
--prefix=/usr/local/php
--with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/
--with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2
是必要的选项 --with-gd=/usr/local/gd2/
--with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg6/
--with-png=/usr/local/lib
--with-zlib-dir=/usr/lib
--with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype
这是让PHP支持GD库的配置选项 --with-curl=/usr/local/curl 支持CURL库
--enable-ftp 打开FTP库函数支持 --enable-soap --with-xsl=/usr/local/libxslt --enable-xslt
让PHP支持SOAP, 上面这些一般用得少, 可以去掉
五、重新配置apache2让他支持php。 配置 httpd.conf 让apache支持PHP
# vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
找到 AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz 在其下添加如下内容
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps 重启apache
# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl restart
六、安装ZendOptimizer加速PHP
#tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-2.5.3-linux-glibc21-i386.tar.gz
#cd ZendOptimizer-2.5.3-linux-glibc21-i386
#./install.sh
注意:忘了mysql的root口令怎么办
# /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server stop
# mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &
# mysqladmin -u user password 'newpassword'
# mysqladmin flush-privileges]]>

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